Tuesday, February 21st, 2012
Here’s another list of common golf terms you shouldn’t missed.
The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews, founded in 1754 and the oldest golf club existence. As such it holds many “firsts” in the game of golf: first accusation of an altered scorecard (1754); first disqualification for use of improper equipment (1754); first suspension for profanity (1754); first caddy fired for accepting a bribe (1754); first expulsion for throwing clubs (1754);first properly replaced divot (1897); first twosome permitted to play through (1924); first totally restored bunker surface following the play of a sand shot (1946); first completely honest handicap claim (1957); and first lost ball recovered by a following golfer and returned to its rightful owner (1984).
Reading the Green
Since greens are rarely level and their surfaces vary in smoothness or “speed” depending on how moist the grass is and how recently it was cut, golfers must examine them closely to determine which way and how far the ball will roll. Even the “friendliest”- looking green will have some tricks up its sleeve, and many are downright ornery. Thus the “message” of any given green,as read by the well trained eye of the seasoned player, can range from “Aim a little to the left” or “Look out- anything more than a light tap will run right by the hole” to “The best thing you can do with that putter is make it into a decorative lamp base” or “You’ll be lucky to four-putt, and by the way, those are absolutely the ugliest panys I have ever seen.”
Any shot whose primary purpose is to get the ball out of a hazard or away from an obstacle and back into playable position on the fairway. The most important thing to remember when playing recovery shots is not to be greedy. It’s far easier to forget to include in your score a single short shot that put the ball into the middle of the fairway than to try to get away without counting half-dozen duffs, caroms or ricochets.
In golf, perhaps more than in any other game, relaxation is essential. Any tension in a player’s body is instantly transferred to the swing or the putting motion and the results are invariably disastrous. Even a slightly taut muscle can misdirect the path of the club head, sending an expansive ball into the water. An unnecessarily stiffened joint can lead to the kind of jarring, ground-hitting stroke that caused cumulative shaft-related damage to costly clubs and can lead to possible bone injury as well. And an overly rigid grip could, paradoxically, cause a muscular twitch that might allow the club to slip from the fingers during the follow-through, perhaps maiming another player and triggering a multimillion-dollar lawsuit. So for goodness sake, try to relax.
The edge of the hole. A ball that goes around the cup without falling in is said to have rimmed the hole or to have ringed, skirted, lipped, lapped or looped it. It may also be said to have curled, circled or rolled around it, or to have done a tour, a circuit, a round trip, an orbit or a buttonhook. There are one or two terms for a ball actually going into the cup, but they are used so seldom that it seems like a waste of space to include them here.
Unmown, naturally wild area bordering the fairway and sometimes separating the fairway from the tee. There are three basic types of rough: low rough, a narrow strip of 6 inch-high grass where the ball may be easily playable; high or deep rough, where the ball may be easily playable; high or deep rough, where the ball may be lost and even if found, may be obstructed or otherwise unplayable; and dark rough, where the ball may be eaten or stolen and used as an object of worship by primitive peoples.
Eighteen holes of golf, played in their proper sequence, followed by one or more additional rounds at the 19th hole.
Rub of the Green
A phrase used in the rules of golf to describe a situation in which the flight of a ball is interrupted by anything other than other player in the match is continued and the ball is played from wherever it lands unless “whatever accidentally stopped or deflected the ball rattles, hisses, spits, growls or snarls; or stings, bites or drools; or makes menacing gestures or motions or circles or makes ready to pounce; or has claws, fangs, a gun, a badge or a lawyer.”
As currently constituted, the rules of golf consist of 34 basic regulations. The present record for breaking them in a single 18-hole round is an astonishing 31, with 69 penalty strokes, set in 1983 by H.B. Nichols at Bluster Bluffs C.C. in Smug Harbor, Long Island.